The retina is the layer of the eye that is sensitive to light and consists of four main layers; outer neutral, photoreceptor, retinal epithelium and the choroid all of which consists of nerves, blood vessels, light sensing rods and connective tissue required for the eye to function at its optimum. Retinal conditions consist of a wide range of eye disorders which lead to blurred vision and in more severe cases; blindness. While some retinal conditions are easier to diagnose and treat, others are more of a challenge as they are relatively rare in comparison. So make sure to pay attention to changes or deteriorations in your vision and visit an eye doctor in order to make a diagnosis and follow a treatment module. And as most visual impairments are cured easier with early detection make sure you visit an eye doctor regularly to ensure that your eyes are in good condition.
Some retinal eye disorders are;
- Diabetic Retinopathy - The increase of glucose levels in your blood stream leads to the minute capillaries or blood vessels located at the back of the eye to leak fluid under the retina. This in turn causes the retina to swell and results in blurred vision. This is the best case scenario because it is also possible for the individual to develop new abnormal capillaries that are prone to leaking in to the center of the eye which can deteriorate your vision further and at a more drastic pace.
- Macular Degeneration - Wet or dry macular degeneration occurs when the center of the retina deteriorates and creates a blind spot right smack in the middle of your visual field.
- Macular Hole - This occurs most often due to old-age or eye trauma and refers to a minute defect in the center of the retina located at the back of the eye.
- Retinal Tear - A retinal tear occurs when the gel-like substance in the center of the eye causes enough traction at the back of the eye which leads to a tear.
- Retinal Detachment - The formation of fluid under the retina is the main cause for such eye disorders and occurs due to a tear in the retina.